• 02:30:00 am on September 5, 2006 | 0

    Social presence of a man and a woman differs
    – Man’s Presence *man’s dependent on the promise of power that he has, it could be large or small depending on the situation, but the object is always exterior to the man a man’s presence suggest what he is capable of doing to you or for you the pretense is always towards a power that he exercises on others

    – Woman’s presence * her actions expresses her own attitudes on herself, and what can and cannot be done to her * her gestures, voice, opinions, expressions, clothes, are all chosen things to express how she is supposed to be treated, but she doesn’t excersise any power. * they’re brought up to live in a limited space (teaching) * Woman’s being split in two

    – Surveyor and the Surveyed * Elements of her identity as a woman * How she appears to men is taught as the success of her life * Her own sense of being is measured by how much she’s appreciated by others * Men survey woman before treating them = how a woman appears to a man can determine how she wants to be treated * She regulates what is “permissible” within her presence * Men act- and women appear. * Men look at women and women watch themselves being looked at * The surveyor of woman in herself is male – the surveyed female * Turns herself into an object – a sight * Nudes * European oil paintings

    – Adam and Eve * The woman is aware of being seen by a spectator * Susannah and the Elders * She is taking a bath- she looks at us looking at her – we join the spy oh her * She is then looking into a mirror – proves that she cares about herself – the surveyor part of herself * Mirror = symbol of vanity (pride) – which means that we don’t want to accept that women care about their looks when it was first implied to them in the first place by men * So the mirror was a plot into telling the woman to treat herself as a SIGHT

    “The Judgement of Paris”
    – The notion of Judgement was included – thus beauty became competitive * Given an apple as a prize – could use that as a symbol perhaps * Non-European traditions Indian Art, Persian Art, African Art nakedness is never lethargic in this way * What does a nude signify? * To be naked is to be oneself- to be nude is to be seen by others and not regonize oneself – has to be seen as an object to be a nude * Nudity is placed on display * Nudity is a form of a dress – it is turned into a disguise * “Venus, Cupid Time and Love” – Bronzino * Her body is arranged in a way to appeal to his sexuality– he is often clothed * The expression of a woman responding with calculated chasrm to the man whom she imagines looking at her- even she doesn’t know him * The absurdity of male flattery reached peak in public academic art “Les Oreades” Bouguereau * Men discussed business under paintings like this * When the woman looks back at the viewer she is aware that she is an object of sight, but when the woman looks away – as if there is something else going on in the painting- then she viewers are treated as the outsiders “Danae” – Rembrandt * Clothing renders mysteriousness whereas nakendness promotes relief- that we are all the same- the reality of the banality

    * When we get naked it shows not only that we are in reality, but that we share the mechanism of sex. * Difficulty in creating a static image of sexual nakeness * Lived sexual experienced nakeness ia a process rather than a state * Isolate that moment- image becomes banal * This is why expressive photographs of the naked are even rarer than paintings * Easier to turn the figure into a nude = turns desire into fantasy * “Helene Fourment in a Fur Coat” – Rubens * The painting “contains’ traces of time and experience. The fur is just about the slip off * The action of her upper body doesn’t match with the bottom half- what is happening under the sexual area covered with fur? * This element of banality is undisguised by not chilling * The difference between voyeur and lover * the European humanist Spirit = individualism * Durer believed that the ideal nude should take different aspects of a woman then place it into one place. *

    “Olympia” by Manet * The woman starts to question that role somewhat defiantly * The essential way of seeing a woman – the “ideal” spectator is always assumed to be male and the image of the woman is designed to flatter him.

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